Understanding the Basics and Difference Between CPR and First Aid

emergency medical reponse performing the difference between cpr and first aid

First Aid and CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) are two important medical procedures that everyone should know about as these two can help in life-and death-situations, but knowing how to perform these emergency procedures isn’t just enough.

Knowing and understanding the difference between CPR and First Aid is essential because they are two distinct emergency response procedures that need to be immediately and correctly performed in an emergency situation.

While both are life-saving techniques, Providing CPR in a situation where it is not necessary could actually cause more harm and potentially worsen the individual’s condition. Therefore, understanding the differences between CPR and First Aid is crucial to provide the appropriate care in an emergency, potentially saving someone’s life.

What is First Aid?

First Aid is a broader set of procedures for treating injuries, illnesses, and other medical emergencies. It is composed of quick and temporary medical assistance provided to a person who has been injured or has fallen ill. It can also be combined with various techniques, procedures, and actions that are used to provide immediate relief and help stabilize the person’s condition until professional medical help arrives.

Why is First Aid Required?

To provide First Aid is not only required in emergency and accident situations where a person needs immediate medical attention but also in daily life situations such as minor cuts, burns, and bruises. It is essential to have a basic understanding of First Aid techniques as it can be helpful in maintaining a safe and healthy environment, such as in the workplace, schools, and public places, where accidents and injuries can occur.

The Aims of First Aid

First Aid aims to provide immediate medical assistance and effective & efficient care to an injured person. As mentioned, First Aid can be a set of immediate and effective medical procedures that follow specific principles, and these principles are all aimed at preserving life and promoting recovery.

  • To protect the unconscious
  • To prevent the condition worsening
  • To promote recovery
  • To seek medical assistance

1. Preserve Life

Assessing the situation, calling for emergency medical assistance, and providing basic life support techniques if necessary can stabilize conditions and prevent deaths.

2. Protect the Unconscious

An unconscious person after an accident or illness must be protected through means of checking that his/her airway is clear and is placed in a safe position to prevent further harm

3. Prevent the condition worsening

Ensuring the patient’s safety and taking accurate and necessary steps to prevent any additional injuries or worsening conditions can actually minimize the severity of the injury or illness.

4. Promote Recovery

Appropriate care that meets the patient’s needs based on their condition should be provided to minimize the long-term effects of an injury and improve the chances of survival.

5. Seek Medical Assistance

First Aid is emergency care given to an injured or ill casualty before medical assistance arrives.

Medical assistance would be:         

  • Ambulance
  • Doctor
  • Nurse

How to Provide First Aid

To provide First Aid, you need to be familiar with the basic principles of First Aid and know what to do in an emergency situation. You can enrol in First Aid courses near you to learn more about First Aid basics and DRSABCD method that should be followed and performed in order.

Remember you must be qualified to render first aid. If you are not do what you can and call for assistance.

What is CPR?

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation or also known as CPR is a life-saving medical procedure specifically used to revive a person’s heart function and breathing. CPR is performed in cases where a person’s pulse cannot be detected and they are not taking breaths on their own. This vital technique is specifically designed to make all the difference between life and death for those affected.

The Basic Parts of CPR

There are three basic parts of CPR and these are all essential in providing immediate and effective medical assistance to a person experiencing cardiac arrest which potentially can save a life.

Danger

Danger refers to risks and hazards that may present a danger to the casualty and or the first aider, and possibly others as well. For example, if a casualty is lying in water near an electrical board, it should be assumed that there may be an electrical hazard.

Response

The response is in trying to gain a response from the casualty firstly to see if they are conscious and aware and if so to seek the history, signs, and symptoms which will allow us to determine the best strategies for the provision of first aid.

Airway

The airway takes precedence over other injuries as without oxygen brain damage or death will result very quickly. While undertaking a primary survey if the casualty is not breathing the airway will need to be checked for obstruction and clear the airway ASAP.

Breathing

If the casualty is not breathing it may be due to an airway obstruction or it may be that the casualty has stopped breathing for another reason such as drowning, or cardiac arrest which will be dealt with in the next section. Remember when an unconscious person is lying on their back their airway can become blocked or obstructed, so a breathing casualty should be placed in the lateral position.

Checking the airway

The airway should be checked with the casualty’s head in the neutral position (no head tilt). Open the mouth and look inside for any obvious obstruction.  If found to be obstructed, the casualty should be placed in the lateral position also known as the recovery position to drain or clear.

Defibrillation

The early use of an AED (automated external defibrillator) has saved numerous lives as it can deliver an electrical shock to restart the heart, can guide the first aider on when and if CPR is needed, and can monitor the condition of the casualty after CPR.

When Should CPR be Used?

Providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique that is used to revive a person’s heart that has stopped beating or is not functioning properly.

CPR should also be used as soon as possible when a person is experiencing cardiac arrest. It is a crucial procedure to start immediately, ideally within the first few minutes in cases of cardiac arrest as the chances of survival decrease with each passing minute.

It is very important to seek proper training and certification in CPR to ensure that the technique is performed correctly and effectively.

Key Differences between CPR and First Aid

While both CPR and First Aid are important medical procedures, there are several key differences between the two.

Training

The main difference between CPR and first aid lies in the level of training required. CPR is a more advanced technique that requires specific training and certification to perform correctly while first aid can be learned through basic training courses that are widely available.

Coverage

Another key difference between CPR and first aid is their coverage. CPR is primarily used for reviving a person whose heart has stopped beating. First aid, on the other hand, covers a wide range of medical emergencies, including cuts, burns, broken bones, and other injuries.

Condition

CPR is generally performed on a person who is unresponsive and not breathing, while first aid techniques can be applied to a variety of conditions, including injuries, illnesses, and even environmental emergencies such as heat stroke or hypothermia.

Procedure

CPR and first aid procedures also differ significantly. CPR involves chest compressions and rescue breaths, while first aid techniques may involve wound care, immobilization of fractures, or the application of heat or cold to an affected area.

Objectives

The objectives of CPR and first aid is really different as the primary objective of CPR is to restore blood flow and oxygenation to vital organs, while the goal of first aid is to stabilize a person’s condition until they can receive proper medical attention.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it is vital to understand the basic difference between CPR and First Aid as this will either help or harm a person if not used with proper caution.

Basically, first aid techniques aim to prevent further harm to an injured or ill person and it has wider coverage of procedures. However, CPR is specifically intended to keep a person alive until emergency medical help arrives.

Though these 2 have great differences in terms of their procedure and when to use, both CPR and First Aid have the same goal in any crucial situation, and this to help save a person’s life.

To be prepared in case of any emergency, we highly recommend enrolling to a CPR and First Aid courses. Upskills QLD is your best choice when it comes to training and we have trained people from civil construction and traffic management to cpr, first aid, and many more.

If you want to be trained and certified by our passionate instructors, enroll with us today!

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May 25, 2024

I attended the TMI training on Friday. Fran was my trainer and I must admit, as a trainer of trainers myself, she was excellent. Not only does Fran know her stuff, she has the ability to keep people's attention and to get the correct information out there. She does this, not just by training, but by facilitating the training. In other words, she asks the question, and gets people to come up with the answers themselves. I personally always found this to be the best method of training. When people think for themselves they remember it better and this always helps while doing the job. Not only is Fran knowledgeable but she is very personable and approachable. She calls each person by their name and looks them in the eye while speaking to them. She can have a joke and a laugh which is very important, yet more importantly, she gets her message across. I saw men, who have been in the industry for years, admit to Fran that they had learned more in that one day with her than they had in years. Fran is a true asset to your company. Look after her ... Thank you Fran and I look forward to attending your classes again.

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May 24, 2024

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May 24, 2024

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May 23, 2024

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May 16, 2024

I recently had to redo my level 1 traffic control ticket and I had Frances jay of upskills as my trainer 👌🏼 She really knew her business and qualifications, opened my eyes to alot of things that were unprofessional and just plain wrong working for other companies in the past and taught me alot of things I'd had no idea about and helped me better understand traffic control as a whole! The class was very well planned, very informative and entertaining to say the least. Highly advise taking the class with such professionals thanks guys.

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May 15, 2024

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Completed Working in Confined Spaces and Safely Working at Heights at Upskills Qld Kippa Ring. Training facility and equipment was excellent and new. Knowledgeable trainer and thorough at making sure the course ware was understood.

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Matthew Saunders
May 1, 2024

Two days spent at Upskills , immediately noticed on arrival that all staff were welcoming, polite and personable. Trainer Scott , second to none ! He has a Happy , positive outlook and energy , funny and extremely knowledgeable. He made the course an extremely positive experience. I will definitely use Upskills again when required because of this .

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April 19, 2024

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April 18, 2024

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April 18, 2024

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April 17, 2024

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Niall Castle
April 14, 2024

My employer uses this company for staff to be trained in Traffic Control and Traffic Management Implementation. The trainer, Jason, is a mine of knowledge and explains policies and procedures very clearly, ensuring all students complete the courses with the theoretical, administrative and practical skills required.

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Al Hunter
April 14, 2024

Hi, I was very impressed with Upskills and Jason my Trainer. I have over 30 years in the civil construction industry and Jason was able to teach an old dog new tricks. For anyone interested in TC or TMI courses I highly recommend learning from Upskills Qld the correct way. Thanks Jason and Upskills Qld.

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Rikki Starr
April 9, 2024

Their trainer Fran was amazing. She was very friendly and very knowledgeable on all things traffic control. She was able to work with everyone to help them understand the material and I learned a great deal in the short time we had her for. I would definitely recommend upskills and this wonderful trainer to anyone wanting to enter into traffic control.

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April 9, 2024
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April 8, 2024

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April 7, 2024

Scott was absolutely amazing, I went in there thinking I made the wrong choice but he made me realise that I made the right choice. I absolutely loved going and learning about traffic. He always explained it in a way I could understand it and he made it fun which is what you need when sitting in a room all day and we all have good laughs along the way.

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April 6, 2024

Training was very thorough and clear to understand, the trainer Jason was an amazing teacher.

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April 6, 2024

Today was a fantastic day with Fran from upskill she is a fantastic teacher and explained everything in a way you can understand stand it we did our TMI in Bundaberg big shout out to Fran and keep up the hard work

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Colin Coffey
April 6, 2024

I just would like to say a huge thankyou to Fran for her training today and I would recommend Fran for anyone who wants to get training in traffic controll Thanks again Fran for today you really are amazing..yours sincerely Colin coffey

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April 6, 2024

100% will be recommending Upskills for anyone wanting to do tc/tmi. Fran is an awesome trainer and is bringing her a game to everyone she trains,

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April 5, 2024

Completed my courses at APM Gladstone with Scott from Upskills was a pleasure doing the course with him,Thanks in advance.

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March 30, 2024

Fran is the best trainer that I've had for any course I would highly recommend her and Upskills Qld...

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March 26, 2024

Fran is a fantastic teacher she is considerate and listens to you I would recommend upskills to anyone…

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March 22, 2024
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March 21, 2024

Fantastic trainers and would highly recommend them to anyone

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Troy Davies
March 21, 2024

Started my traffic control course this week with Fran she is a amazing teacher with the knowledge of being on the job herself before becoming a instructor would definitely recommend Fran as your teacher

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March 20, 2024

Had a great experience in learning the ins and outs of being a traffic controller, Fran is amazing in her prestation of the course. Ian 👍👍👍

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March 17, 2024

Just did my TMI refresher course today with Fran today. Can’t thank her enough for today, so helpful and made the day go so well. Also for helping me with any questions I had and for also making the day very informative. Thanks again Fran and Upskills QLD

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Mitchell Boyd
March 13, 2024

My experience with Upskills QLD was amazing , the Trainers Fran and Jason are really easy going and very professional and they helped me appreciate what traffic controllers do to keep everyone safe and not just stand there holding a sign with so much more involved , thankyou Upskills QLD

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Billy J
March 13, 2024

1000% recommend. These guys are great Jason doesn't get the credit he deserves. He Made learning fun, simple and engaging. Also having anxiety and mental health problems i wasnt looking forward to it at all. But here we are on the last day its great Awesome team with High spirits and great attitudes. Makes you feel really like a part of the team. Thanks again Jase!

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March 13, 2024

Shout out to Jase.K, awesome trainer and makes the course fun and easy to understand! Thanks Jase, you LEGEND !

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March 12, 2024

Scotty made the course a lot more interesting thanks to His experience and energy. White Card and TC course. The office staff are friendly and great to deal with too

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March 10, 2024

I completed the traffic control course with Upskills. It was a great/ enjoyable course. Scotty (trainer) is very approachable and informative. Thanks Scott and Upskills team.

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Malcolm England
March 9, 2024

One of the better RTO's in the Brisbane area. I travelled from the gold coast to Redcliffe for a training course recommended by numerous collegues. I was impressed with the high teaching standards, including both theory & practical expertise, delivered by Scott and the other staff members.

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Tina Mannion
February 29, 2024

Completed White Card course, TC course, and TMI course. Had two trainers over the four days, Fran and Scotty. Both trainers were easy to understand , they explained things exytemely well and answered all the questions that students asked. Trainers were very approachable and happy to help students when required. Would happily return to Upskills Qld for future training with Fran and Scotty. Big shout out to Fran and Scotty.

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Jemma Kristin
February 24, 2024

Thanks Fran! Top Tier Trainer 👷‍♂️👏

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Hannah Stead
February 11, 2024

Great training instructor Jason Kassulke, very patient, focused on individuals and I found it very easy to communicate with which made training through the upskills company enjoyable!

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wayne harle
January 30, 2024

Myself and two workmates did a traffic management course with Fran at rockhampton this week. This is one of the best I have done for a long time .Fran knows her stuff and enjoys a good banter which made this course very easy to understand..if your looking at doing this course Don't think you could find better 10 out of 10 ... Fran...

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Maddy Maclaine
January 30, 2024

Just done my TC renewal with Upskills and the corse was really excellent. Fran was my trainer and she was extremely knowledgeable and what questions she couldn't answer she got the answers for rather quickly. Fran made it fun to learn the new regulations and explained things in a way you can understand and retain. Thank you Upskills QLD and a special thanks to Fran

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Glenn Roads
January 30, 2024

Fran was great, the whole class was great. Laid back but very informative and effectively conveyed....never skipped a beat.

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Joel
January 28, 2024

Just recently refreshed my TMI through Upskills Qld. Fran was my trainer and an absolute legend! Not only did I learn about all the current changes to the TC/TMI industry but the training was done in such a professional way. Fran really knows her stuff! She answered every question I sent her way because she not only puts all her training effort into keeping up to date but she also has plenty of experience on the job and on the road. Can't speak any higher of Fran's down to earth personality and the way she moved through the course. Next time I'm up for a refresher, I will definitely be giving Fran and Upskills QLD a call! Cheers guys.

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Cody Davidson
January 25, 2024

Was an amazing experience and can definitely record going through upskill for any training!!

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Jaylynne Storey
January 18, 2024

Just completed my TMI course with Scott. Learnt a lot and feel ready to work unlike other places I’ve been that send ya out with no idea. Definitely recommend Upskills

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hugh barnett
December 22, 2023
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Ian Thomas
December 17, 2023

Upskills Queensland was the best training I've ever received. They had a trainer named Scotty do my training who had real world experience and ensured that everyone understood the training material he was providing.i had four days of training with them to do my white card My traffic control and my TMI Scotty was my trainer throughout keeping a fluid movement through the courses. I would highly recommend anyone looking to do this sort of training to go with upskills Queensland as they are awesome. They also organized my practical training hours in a quick and prompt way. If I could give this training organization any higher stars I would because they are one stop training organization. You can also get your PPE directly through them so that you are ready to do your training practicals as promptly as possible

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Cody Loy
December 12, 2023

Great course, with great teachers Recommend for anyone

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Kevin Hines
December 10, 2023

Excellent trainer Clear and concise information Relevant information about the job

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Todd Crothers
December 7, 2023

Done my TMI training here great trainer named Fran very knowledgeable and has the best teaching skills ever very highly recommended

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One samboie BOI
December 6, 2023
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McTyson McFightMeM8
December 4, 2023

No complaints happy with everything

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Anton Lombard
December 4, 2023

Fran is great very knowledgeable and experienced in her field.

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Phillip Bungey
November 27, 2023

I had to do my TMI Refresher course. The fact that I was able to do the course on a Saturday was a big plus. The very experienced John De Graff took us through this course in a very relaxed style. Every person was included and encouraged to participate in working out solutions together. The cost of the course with your Q Leave and medicard cannot be beaten by any other training facility that I have used for my 16 years in traffic control. Comfortable airconditioned facilities. Rusty and Michelle were also supper helpful on the admin side with letting me know everything I needed to get together as my requirements for this course.

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lindsay jarrett
November 27, 2023
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damian lothian
November 27, 2023

Very good training provider, had a great day with Fran during our refresher . Highly recommended

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Rod McDonald
November 24, 2023

Jason and Fran are great trainers, explained everything really well and made it easy to get through. Thoroughly recommend Jase and the team!

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jack frohloff
November 24, 2023

Highly recommend

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Lindley Adams
November 23, 2023

The kiwi was Fantastic great trainer thanks

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Chris Robertson
November 23, 2023

The trainer was very good

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stretan stojiljkovic
November 23, 2023

Thank you team Scott and Michelle for the training course. Very informative, clear and engaging. Easy to follow and learn . All the best

Unskilled QLD create courses that are quick, easy and friendly. The instructor was approachable, could communicate on all levels and had time for all students.

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Adam Critchell
November 17, 2023

Great teachers, good place to be trained

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Barry McFarlane
November 16, 2023

Fran did great job.. would recommend her to anyone for training

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Nathan Tremmel
November 14, 2023

Done my TMI refresher course was very well presented, Fran's a very knowledgeable trainer with real world experience.

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Darryl Popp
November 10, 2023

Great training with Scotty and Jason and staff very helpful recommend

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Danielle Carter
November 2, 2023

Huge shout out to Jace K at upskills OLD! He was a gem of a man to have as a trainer. He kept me and the rest of the class well-informed of what to expect along with certain scenarios that could potentially happen in the field. He made the class and practical lesson enjoyable while also keeping us on our toes. Thank you so much for the opportunity to learn under you Jace.

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Jackelyn Thompson
November 2, 2023

A massive thanks to Jason K for the thorough TC training. Jase made it a fun learning environment and made sure we were well informed coming up to our assessment. He deserves trainer of the year! Thanks Jase 🤩

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karen carbery
October 30, 2023
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Mark Simpson
October 29, 2023

Very easy to understand and always got help when needed

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Lochlan Griffin
October 27, 2023

Fran and the team help and make u understand everything and r absolutely amazing people

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Garry Pomroy
October 16, 2023

Fran our trainer was excellent. made us aware of changes that need to be implemented. Knows what she is talking about. I actually learned something.

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The Redd Rieka
October 16, 2023

Fran and the team were absolutely amazing and a well full of information. I did a renewal course for my level 1 and they certainly made sure to teach you. If you had any questions, they were able to answer them in full and give you information about any new policies and procedures that have been brought in. It was a pleasure to do my renewal course with them.

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damien nemere
October 10, 2023

Upskilling is by far passing expectations the trainers were on point full of knowledge and humanity great week of training. I will most definitely redo or any future study with this company

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Chayse Proud
September 28, 2023

Great teachers very respectful

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El Mac
September 16, 2023

Scott, Fran, Rusty and the entire team @Upskills, I highly recommend. From start process to end, I find the team highly personable while delivering a great program with industry knowledge spliced with laughter and comedy. Can not wait to do my TMI course shortly! Wouldn't go anywhere else.

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Keith Norcott
September 14, 2023

Staff are great and very knowledgeable and are very helpful with the answers

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Paul Braniff
September 10, 2023

did my course with Jason K, his dedication to safety on the job site and commitment to sharing knowledge through personal experience, is top tier. patient teaching method towards everyone in the class made it not only fun, but simple to learn and become habit. not only did i walk into this career path confident, i also know I'm actively keeping my fellow workers and my work site safe. also a mention to the other staff openly answering any questions and helping to equip me with gear, and employment upon finishing the course. thankyou Jas K and all upskills staff

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Tamara Frey
August 7, 2023
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Jasmine Francis
August 5, 2023
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Thomas Carsas
August 5, 2023
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Maryanne Dickenson
July 29, 2023

Excellent, I actually learnt at lot in doing my TMI renewal. Thank you Jason K (The trainer)

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William King
November 29, 2022

Really good 👍 Very helpful 👌 ☺️